A. This provides the populations with skills they can utilize to improve, control, and manage healthcare and clinical issues related to diabetes. I have read and accept the terms and conditions. A total of 54% of the respondents were women, whereas 46% were men. Populations facing great diabetes burdens and risks need to seek support from the Community Based Diabetes Self-Management Education Health Promotion Program. This theory is based on the fact that the people tend to change their health behavior due to … (, Williams, N. J., Whittle, J. G., Gatrell, A. C. (. This could be linked to the belief among the Igala that all diseases are curable using local herbs from competent herbalists. However, the chi-square statistics result shows no relationship between perceived susceptibility and diabetes management (p > .05). Besides, 34% were civil servants, 18% were self-employed, 14% were retirees, and 15% were not in any paid employment, whereas 12% were house wives. The items were measured on a 5-point scale, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The bivariate analysis showed that 73% and 17% of those with low and high perception of severity had poor diabetes management status, respectively, whereas 27% and 83% of those with low and high perception of severity of diabetes, respectively, had good diabetes management status. The respondents were scored based on total correct responses out of 7 items and were classified as either having low or high diabetes knowledge. feeling high and low blood sugar) cues the individual associates with taking action. Health belief model, Type-2 diabetes, Education, Diabetes management, Oman Research Article Open Access Introduction The health of Omanis has been dramatically affected by the recent affluence in the country. The respondents were selected from seven hospitals owned by governments, private individuals, and faith-based organizations that served as both out-patient and in-patient clinics. Due to its high prevalence, diabetes is considered as a health problem worldwide (1). However, performing these practices has remained problematic for those living with the condition as it requires behavioral change. Table 5. In general, studies using the health belief model for diabetic patients show that priority is given foremost to perceived benefits and next to perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers, in that order, for adopting different behaviors. The foundation of the HBM is that individuals will take action to prevent, control, or treat a health problem if they perceive the problem to be severe in nature; if they perceive that the action will yield or produce an expected outcome; and because of the perceived negative consequences of therapy. Understanding knowledge of diabetes and health beliefs may help in designing an effective intervention program for those living with diabetes. Frederick Fennell, Mercury Records, and the Eastma... An Empirical Revision of the Definition of Science Fiction: It Is All ... Social Concern, Government Regulation, and Industry Self-Regulation: A... Al-Deagi, F. A., McElnay, J. C., Scott, M. G. (, Arndt, V., Stürmer, T., Stegmaier, C., Ziegler, H., Dhom, G., Brenner, H. (, Arseneau, D. L., Mason, A. C., Wood, O. This result may be attributed to the low level of education among the participants. This model was developed in the 1950s but was upgraded in the 1980s. HBM-Diabetes Studies In her study of adherence to a diet regimen for diabetes, Alognals ex-amined the attitudes and behavior of 50 obese, noninsulin-dependent adult diabetics attending the Diabetic Clinic of Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia.Forty-six of the pa- Boston (1969) likens the location of the Igala to Poland in Europe, which seems to have been pulled in different directions at different periods. About 36% did not know what is the best method for testing blood glucose, while 9% said that it is through urine testing. The first component is perceived benefits. Similarly, Cerkoney and Hart (1980) found that the combination of the five HBM variables accounted for 25% of the variance in adherence, as measured by self-report in combination with a reactive direct observational procedure. Respondents’ Level of Diabetes Knowledge. Although diabetes knowledge and health belief are beliefs on diabetes management among the igala, nigeria. Regarding taking care of the feet, 32% did not know how to take care of their feet. Table 3 reveals that 30 respondents, representing about 41% of those with low level of diabetes knowledge, had good diabetes management, whereas 50 respondents, representing about 64% of those with high level of diabetes knowledge, had good diabetes management status. Samuel Ojima Adejoh lectures in the Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Nigeria, at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The health belief model (HBM), developed by Becker and Maiman (1975), is useful in explicating self-care activities such as diabetes management recommendations and has a focus on behavior related to the prevention of disease. The health belief model (HBM), developed by Becker and Maiman (1975), is useful in explicating self-care activities such as diabetes management recommendations and has a focus on behavior related to the prevention of disease. For example, taking regular exercise and eating regulated meals will make the patient feel better as a result of taking these actions. SAGE Publications Inc, unless otherwise noted. A., Gallin, R. S., Condon, J. W. (, Glasgow, R. E., McCaul, K. D., Schafer, L. C. (, Harrison, J. The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which treatment beliefs and health behaviors predict diabetes health outcome as measured by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, blood pressure, and lipid profile. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. endstream endobj 56 0 obj 1540 endobj 57 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 56 0 R >> stream The result further shows that there was an association between level of diabetes knowledge and diabetes management status (1, N = 152) = 8.456, p = .004. ’Çô ! Chinenye et al. Lean Library can solve it. This agrees with Glasgow and Anderson’s (1999) claim that disease-specific diabetes knowledge may be a process or mediating variable that interacts with other factors to affect self-care, which may affect short- and long-term health outcomes. View or download all the content the society has access to. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses. the desire to avoid complications of diabetes; but the model does not consider factors responsible for enabling and maintaining preventive behavior over time (Janz, Champion, & Strecher, 2002). Hence, the validity of the model in this population has not been tested. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. World Health Organization (2004) estimated that there were 1.71 million people living with diabetes in Nigeria and the figure was projected to reach 4.94 million by the year 2030. The result which linked high level of diabetes knowledge with poor management status supports a similar study that found good level of diabetes knowledge with poor adherence to recommendations (Al-Deagi, McElnay, & Scott, 1995). The first condition in the Health Belief Model is perceived threat. Add this result to my export selection Determinants of antihypertensive adherence among patients in Beijing: application of the health belief model. The study examined the association and influence of diabetes knowledge, diabetes beliefs, and diabetes management, including self-report to following physician’s recommendations. (1998) and Murata et al. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. Agreement with each item was indicated on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). þhÇinúc×ß{ÎÛdb¸äu,Rõ®kv¶S Three broad areas can be identified: (a) preventive health behaviors, which include health promoting (such as diet, exercise) and health-risk (such as smoking) behaviors as well as vaccination and contraceptive practices; (b) sick-role behaviors, which refer to compliance with recommended medical regimens, usually following professional diagnosis of illness; and (c) clinic use, which includes physician visits for a variety of reasons. Ayele, Tesfa, Abebe, Tilahun, and Girma (2012) also found that those respondents with high perceived severity of diabetes and less perceived barrier to self-care were more likely to take diabetes self-care. Moreover, the Health Belief Model deals only with personal perceptions such as perceived risk and perceived cost and thus is too subjective for application. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. (1996) identify other components to include behavioral skills, cognitive problem-solving abilities, and a sense of efficacy in bringing these capabilities to bear to affect disease outcome. Diabetes Knowledge, Health Belief, and Diabetes Management Among the Igala, Nigeria, http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm, Baumann, Opio, Otim, Olson, and Ellison (2010), Nyenwe, Odia, Ihekwaba, Ojule, and Babatunde (2003), Jabbar, Contractor, Ebrahim, & Moahmood, 2001, Ayele, Tesfa, Abebe, Tilahun, and Girma (2012), Underutilization of Influenza Vaccine: A Test of the Health Belief Model, College Men and Women and Their Intent to Receive Genital Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Low Back Pain Preventive Behaviors Among Nurses Based on the Health Belief Model Constructs. Health belief model examples diabetes health psychology quizlet chapter 6 google health mobile mens health workout plan health psychology chapter 4 health 354 health beauty uk health center downtown. According to Klepac (1996), individuals will not carry out a health-related behavior unless they have at least a minimal level of health motivation and knowledge, see themselves as vulnerable and the condition as threatening, are convinced of the health behavior efficacy, and find few barriers to the action. About 57% knew how best to manage their feet, while 12% got it wrong on how to take care of the feet. The study adopted 16 questionnaire items, as developed by Given et al. The DKT consisted of 7 items administered to the respondents. Such practices include eating a healthy diet, performing physical exercise, taking medication as prescribed, monitoring of blood glucose level, regular clinic visits, and managing stress, among other practices (American Diabetes Association, 2002). By continuing to browse Garcia and Mann (2003) also confirmed the predictability of three variables out of the four variables, with susceptibility, barriers, and benefits explaining 43% of the variance of intention to resist dieting. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire administered to 152 respondents living with diabetes. In this study, diabetes knowledge was associated with management status. Percentage Distribution of Responses on Diabetes Knowledge Test. The study showed that, even though some respondents had high diabetes knowledge, some of them still had low management status. December 2009 1 ) to 5 ( strongly disagree ) to 5 ( strongly disagree ) to 5 ( disagree. Person will manage his or her diabetes of trustworthy sources for health and social care knowledge health. Besides, most individuals are very aware that obesity often leads to the.! Read only version of this article agreeing to our use of cookies cues the individual from following ’! 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